So we say that he/she is your cousin, sister, brother, auntie and so everyone has a connection to each other and that had became the spirit of Africa then. This time does not count clans, tribes, ethnicity and country border line just any Africa. Can you recall time when villages would call each other out for hunting, cultural celebration and cross tribes or ethnic groups. There was a time in our history when this evolve into children game where you call team of youth from other communities to compete or just challenge each other. Each of those has negative and positive. It is positive when there is no problem and many relationships are build and cultures were exchange but bad when accidents happen such animals attack groups on their ways back e.g. the crocodile attacks. It does rapture and can shut down relationships between people or fuel insecurity but at the end people will try hard to put the bad behind and continue with the positives. We still have those situations in communities where at list a person lost life to one of the other communities and the pains still lingers in communities but at the end of it all communities goes on and social lives won't any time soon hence for those who think social life has the goods on his/her side are always surprised. There was a time when clans fight to prove strengths and power it was a good determinant but the outcomes are not actually totally bad because people learn at least from each other and what they do remain themselves with is who are people and people have social cohesion and lives to live and nothing have ever done so. Just think the worst people or community you remember for the last 10 to 20 years, it is likely your interest or interactions have changed. When Souther Sudan opened her border, Northern Uganda have closer ties with South Sudan than the rest of the country but when there came war in South Sudan, the interest changed. There is a strong history to all Nilotic that they came from Sudan and others say that they are from South Sudan since the creation of the country but things have changed because improvements like national ID, passports people feel more of their nation than their origin. It is likely in the next 20 years of communities standards of living improvements, we'll forget our origins and just think of our nations. To add to that now, there is even search for wider African friends in other countries that means we become supper connected and meet each other on state or continent issues.
February 2017 — Okobi
The verse majority of people in developing world don't have the sustainable economy the uplift their living standard hence it drill when the smallest they is spend on investing in the future. Tomatoes farmer will get out of farming if they start thinking about producing tomatoes paste because the resources needed to produce, store, manufacture etc will cost more than tomatoes farming. Farming itself is also a full business enough stop poverty and improve living standard. If a tomato farmer can produce a tone in the first year, he/she can also increase production by may be a percentage of more each after because farming has other factors that can stop the process and considering all if a farmer can pass it and increase production then they are only left with more expansion and quality improvement. Instead of changing from farming to producing finished product, most people who stay farming their volume of production and the likelihood they stay in the business increases. The other thing they might think of is how can you keep your employees and increase their number, profit, disease and soil quality.
Traditionally, we study crops, animals, forests and the wild lives to find disease, yields, quality and quantity. Agriculture has aged and the continent is too wide, diverse and there too many breeds of animals, types of trees and crops we plant hence study of agriculture can also be finding the missing breeds, where they can grow, who have them and where else on the continent is suitable for them. There are less cocoa in the all parts of Africa but except Western Africa, there is more coffee in East Africa than North and there is livestock sparsely everywhere in the continent. There other think Africa can also study is how far can a country go with specialising on single crop, single livestock and transfer of wild lives between countries and how much of it can they really produce considering
If Africa copied the rest of the world it will face challenges e.g. infrastructure, connectivity, language, culture etc and if they work on what makes them fall behind it will drag behind more because innovation revolution of industry, society etc takes time and resources. Imagine Africa decided to just think Agriculture as the only way to survive, rise, enrich, equalize and transform to surpass all other continents. It will make sense one, Africa has lower population and large unused land and suitable temperature. Agriculture of course is diverse e.g. crop growing, fishery, animals husbandry, forestry, wild life, etc. All continents does farming and it is the biggest contributor to their economy. In general developed countries have agriculture absolutely good many be the top five performing industry in their continents or countries so for Africa to out perform them, it requires extreme commitment and devotion of time and resources. Africa have a fair advantage at least compare to them because land is expensive in the developed world hence farmers remain same people, land requires fertilizer because over use and repeated use, temperature either too hot or too cold for animals or crops hence they spend so much in electricity and physical infrastructure. Agriculture provides current generation income, businesses etc while arming the young with knowledge to improves agriculture at schools draws their attention to agriculture as powerful sources of their continent economy and security power.
A system also means supply, distribution, marketing, information and interaction platform continent wide. What crops, animals and types of trees which country has exposes them to large sale and cooperating with similar mind on the side of continent. Also if one produces fruits and their is one that manufacture juice then the two has a collaboration. Agriculture also has other factors like disease and using the temperature appropriately to prevent low yield and encourage production. So if all the 54 government put agriculture at the top of their agenda gradually it will become agricultural powerhouse of the world. Agriculture real advantage is raising the bottom people to meet the high achievers of the continent hence improving the continent drastically.
Wood and grass
In our primitive times wood proves a very viable source of power for cooking, heating, lighting etc. Wood is also free and abundant if you grow as much as you use. In many cases consumption is higher and woods had been destroyed and some societies trigger migration to more wood areas. Which then meets aggression from other tribes and societies because of a large area is cleared off then the number of people needing wood becomes high hence the chaos.
The second level of power was charcoal. Human discovered that it was at least good to use charcoal as a power source because it is less smokey and burns slowly and at least is clean compared to wood. The negative of charcoal is how much wood it takes to produce charcoal. This reduces great amount of woods and increased land degradation. Later charcoal became commercialized in this few will have access and less strain is put on land and woods. It also lead to some innovation e.g. charcoal stoves. In other countries the second level of charcoal stoves use solar power, stones and gas which are far much profitable and those who can afford use them as an alternative to cooker etc.
Coal was a big step taken by humanity to enhance power. Coal came at the time of revolution in industries e.g. trains, factories and the need to supply power within places. This also introduces power lines and the needs for people to get power in their homes, businesses and industries. Coal was not only a business but also the inclusion of restriction e.g. policies to help guide, secure and improve quality of work. It was also because it was big meaning it was now affecting many lives.
Turbine was another innovation human had to improve power. It was said at the time electricity would improved world wide and access will become abundant because judging by it, water which produces power was so many hence it is everywhere and all people have access to it. To add to, they also at the time concluded, it is cheap and viable. This was a step forward in power. At least it was by 20% true because hydro electricity took off globally but it was not enough source for everyone because water sources were volatile and the amount of watts it produce is low.
Renewable energy has brought in another different logic and conversation. Wind is free and it is available at night and at day hence trapping it to produce electricity will not hard our climate while increase our electricity access. Wind is renewable so it is not aimed at global population but Industrialized countries and areas from adding carbon and affecting environment. Wind has gradually increased its access to all areas because the original reasons of reducing toxic from environment was more enough hence the world embrace it and it has gone world wide. There are now more than one renewable energy sources but all are now solving both industrialized and developing world power sources.
In conclusion power use increases hence sources of power production will increase. To supply all people, human is going to need more than one source and individual intellect to create. Improvement in societal activities factories, business, modern home increases use of power and if power supply is not increase, there will blackout, high prices and reduction in development.
Americans credit themselves with ultimate power and management of this world and they repeated saying it for many time however America is easily distracted by small problem in a small part of the world. In the 1980 they devoted all their time fighting cold war-a war between the Americans and Siberians. In the 1990(1991 gulf war and 2003 Iraq war) which lead to their expansion of fighting terrorism and dictators all around the world particularly Africa and Arabia. East Africans and the entire Africans remember this time so well. For the last 10 or so years it has been ISS war which do not either benefit the Americans themselves nor their allies but just loop round and round kind of battles. The last ten years has been the most failing time of our lives because South Sudan, Ethiopia, Egypt, Libya all felt off the Allies of the United states with exception of Sudan being promoted to at least friendly criticism from policy makers in America. East Africa is moving(developing) that is undisputed but we have lost America. Now, who are the true allies of America in Africa and what are their agenda for Africa? We know truely, in the 1980 Northern Africans were the true friends and they(Americans) send in troops after troops to help solve security(except Somalia knock them off), in 1990s the very people they helped have now turned dictators the Arab springs started. Americans wants to reduce their influence from the world but continue to push their existing programs off Africa and hand them to China, India and other developing nation to help develop and fix African problems. Putting two juniors still amount to juniors. Now the real fear, after ISS then what? It is likely we are. Africans need to be a head of their time by forging relationship with America before they do because Americans are interrupted by the little guys but they can contribute big to the world if they have to. The last American government was a curse to Africans and with the policy of the current, we can predict what is coming. Assumption is that, they will likely ignore Africa and hence Central Africa, Chad, South Sudan, Burundi and Congo will resort into full combat. May be the real question is, are Americans loosing their global power or the other minors are getting stronger?
Truth be spoken East Africans are struggling with food security problems currently particularly the war ravaged Southern part of Sudan. Famine is really bad it makes very easy things difficult. In 1995-1997 was the time I personally went through food shortage. Sometimes there is money but no food to buy that is the worst type but there is a time when there is food but extremely expensive especially for none working large family. To day they will they will complain to UNHCR and other NGOs to send food to help the situation while there are others currently still under UNHCR and NGOs help(they too can get poor). Food security depends on the time it happen in the year. In dry season, you still have fruits and few vegetable to mine and depend on and in dry season you have at least few harvesting to do. The real problem with food shortage is there is limited of it that makes the able(financially and physically) forged their way to get it first hence the bottom people carries the burden more.
What of space travel really? All resources tells us, there is no other Earth that supports life but there is always mission to visit, study and land on those planets. I personally don't want to study how they manage food security during the missions but I want to think(you should also) of their world based on information we have an imagine how they will cope up with food security. Space problems are enormous not just food it also brings memories of the last century. We were not allowed to interact freely both gender. Space is also a long mission, failure is your personal stupidity on the voyage and lack of quality of ingenuity. If faults appears at the end of the mission the problem will be food and human interaction. Humans are intelligent soon they will start family voyages where failure is an extension of time and intelligence to uncover what had not been thought of during mission launch for example you are sent to study if mining is a possible phenomenon on e.g. Jupiter. There are things to prepare with heat(mining tools), microwaves, space suits etc those tools are enough to produce food because then you only need land. Humans could also get crazy and instead build food centres before human travel remember, we fear with you know and solve them first and we question more what we do not understand. Imagine it has become a business that food supply is now a mission of its own, human deployment is another department and ingenuity has to become another giant. Pretty good but just think how much the trained, smartest people, educated, rich and only the one percent of us have to think to safe themselves from unknown.
In conclusion there is no food security in general but there are miss management, social imbalance, policy linearity and bad planning. The painful truth is, East Africa has the best soil, temperature(it is call great lakes region of the world), soil and people. The people in East Africa has all necessary talent, minimum energy required for work in farm and resources they need. In 1994-1997 our problems were land, restriction, UNHCR and security. Today, I personally think it is choice of location of people settlement and lack of agricultural intelligence e.g. East Africans closer to lakes and rivers should produce more food than those on desert and forest area.
The term globalisation has been on agenda for at least a decade for the good part of it but it is just policy globalisation. Imagine centralised globalisation for instance finance, power, culture, trade etc. At least there is one, a globalised innovation centre. Globalised centre must stop global functionality for example ask yourself where currencies comes from. The answers varies for sure because money is not centralised they come from many different branches of continents, governments and at least have multiple policies governing it. The biggest of all was when Zimbabwe printed its own money and created her own currency. It sound as though it does not affect you, it might not directly but considering the people of Zimbabwe at the time all the problems they were faced with, it could be anywhere and it is actually everywhere particularly in Africa with too many states and lack of connection between states and governmental cooperation. Lack of jobs in East Africa could create insecurity in central Africa which creates tension in the north but a villager cut off of communication between them and their families in the city(bad). Let be real, when at the time Zimbabwe was printing money, South Africans where complaining of qualified and skilled immigrants from Zimbabwe in South Africa and they are taking their South African job and that same time, Mozambique was at war. Few years later East Africa was a total mess. The centralise thing has special benefit because a cause at the centre affects all and effect on one side affects all so everyone will always pay full attention to all problems because it is headed your way.
To acquire money, you must participate in act that take time, produce product or accumulate data or cash. I spend amount of time doing something for a person who intern gets money during my participation rewards the time with money then motivation me for more time. You also participate in making or providing services to a people or society they acquire it by buying it hence you acquire money they get the service or product. There will also be digital money where you compete, participate, win and introduce new ideas then get rewarded with data which you can then sell and earn money. To day you participate on social media then get yourself or business noticed but how about the count of people click, respond, contribution or help e.g. answer gets rewarded hence you have digital money able to reward more clicks, responds, contributions and help from many more people. We can translate global physical activities for example comedy, design, infrastructure, ingenuity and culture digital and overwhelm individuals who then rewards our talent, time, contribution and intelligence. It might not just become another form of money it will evolve itself into a business into an economy of itself. Virtuality has been in technology for a while now, you play games, visit places, buy and sell things virtually i.e. on a device you own from another persons' device designed and develop specifically to perform such activities. Digital money of today is representation of cash we have at hand or in accounts but the businesses that do it started also innovating by making devices. These devices will just be plug on our digital participation hence we get either business or money off it.
The original culture is, if I own but you want it, you can have it if you have enough replaceable value e.g. shoe you own through buying at a price the owner valued. Imagine the culture has come to a standard you design, you value, you produce and own but I only value for you to have it. This is called 3D printing it has started and it is coming in hot. Soon you won't just have brands you can build a shop, create your products, sell, transport them to you customers but the owner of 3D rewards your participation while you expand into business or earn money. This become integration between 3D printing and drop shipping.
Many people want to rise and beat their problems but the for few others it is a thread to their success, business, career and job but in general even the ruling do not want to be ruled. Money is just a rule created for easy exchange of goods between people. The origin of business is I have what I have hence you give me what you have(batter trade) but it is tedious in terms of transportation, regulation and in general it is unwise. So we created money which is perfect but money itself has become a rule. Developing nation do not have control over there currency and truly have no Idea how it operates. There're so many myths about currency e.g. why is a currency in developing nation lower than currency in developed nation while they both buy and use same materials for their money making and in some cases buy same products made by same company in the global market.
The global system is getting supper size, fast and intelligence. Things that takes weeks before now takes hours to make, get or accumulate. Businesses in general not just money won't be owned but centralised. Why would you want to build and employ people in a garment factory if you can have people choose or design what they want, send to machine and the machine does everything a person can do then send it to the owner. Also remember designs needs extensive education before but now they are build into system which becomes supper simple to put together. Do not be full, this systems are supper difficult to build and it will not cut jobs but change nature, skills and people in the business. So in the future we will have a single or about 10 businesses or companies in total number in garment factory, currencies, media or institutions.
The most adopted or dominant culture is the one that is influential, excel, financially secured and has future to the others. Before internet, was the telephone, radio and TV and those nations who has them asserts their influences and dominance all over the rest. The world now is neutral because information comes from everywhere and every single nation has the potential to dominate the global culture but the ones with the real influent and dominance are those we lives in the future of the other. Infrastructure, communication, technology and innovation will lead us and societies and nations and those who remain behind, will be dominated. There are less information, knowledge and culture new to people of all societies and nations but skills and experiences to develop things still defeats societies and nations. There so many engineers but there are few technical engineers for example there might be so many electrical engineers today but with increase innovations, policy and systemisation of electricity many on other nations will become students to the ones who spend time innovating, systemise and regulate their electrical policies. In the future electricity in countries where they are public will become private and in countries where they are private will become public and this changes will come with provision of technology that supply and distribute electricity. In developed nations electricity is private hence you have money you have electrical company supply power to people but it is drawing near when technology will provide self regulated, provided and systemised electricity where you buy and install at your home or business. This is such a dangerous moves to governments of developed nations hence, they will regulate it hence becomes public but in developing nations this become opportunity to developed citizens or companies hence they will need to expand their reach to all parts of the world hence government will privatise to save their people. The tradition of culture is dressing, food, education and origination but with globalised system, people have learn and are adopting another's differences. Cultures in the future will not change our views of our origins and traditions but will greatly be impacted by development and new things from other societies and nations. This might also come as I am an African, I really do know what other Africans are doing in other continents or nations because of fear of falling behind.
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