August 2016 — Okobi

Lokang Jackson September 15, 2016

The powers of chiefs are legally defined by the Uganda Native Authority Ordinance. Although there was a combination of new and old features, the general principle was that the status, powers and duties of chiefs were to be exactly as they had been under conditions of indpendence inso far as they were "not repugnant to morality or justic" and had not been otherwise restricted or added to by the foreign Administration. Thus chiefs were to maintain order both by new conferred powers and by virtue of "any law or native custom for the time being in force"; and they were to issue order both with respect to native law and custom and for a large number of newly-defined purposes. These latter comprised the restriction of liquor, drinking bouts, noxious plats, and the carrying of arms; the prohibition of any conduct likely to cause a breach of peace; the prevention of water pollution and the wasteful cutting of timeber; the employment of male natives for restricted periods on various public works; the prevention tax evasion, the control of human or animal dieases, the reporting to another, the control of human or animal diseases, the reporting of stolen property, the provision of food for sale to govenment officials on tour, the prevention of unfair eviction, and any other purpose which the Governor might authorise by rule. Furthermore, chiefs might be directed to make or cancel orders under any of these heads by the provincial or District commissioner. Chiefs might employ persons to assist them in the exercise of any of these powers, and they could require the attendance before them of anyone under their jurisdiction. They also had special powers of requiring movement, labour or cultivation for the prevention of famine. By chief is understood "any native chief who is recognised as such by the Government, or, subject to any orders of the Government, any native chief who is recognised as such by the tribe over which or over part of which he has jurisdiction and includes, except where such an interpretation is repugnant to the context, any body of chiefs exercising collective authority. This covers without discrimination all levels of native political authority of sufficient importance to gain recognition at all. All details as to the system of subordination, number of grades of chiefs and division of powers between them, are left for decision on the spot by the District permits considerable variety, and few chiefs have identical power. Between them, are left for decision at all. All details as to the system of subordination, number of grades of chief and division of powers between them, are left for decision on the spot by the District commissioner with the provincial commissioner's sanction. This pessimists considerable variety, and few chiefs have identical powers. It is clear that during the early years of the establishment of British domination the reportion of chief's powers and duties which stemmed from native law and custom remained very large. As control became more effective this sphere was progressively restricted, and more recently its relative importance has been reduced still further by the ever-growing complexity of modern administration resulting from economic development and the accumulation of local bye-law concerned with marriage, markets cash crops, rules for cultivation, and so on. Chiefs are subject to fairly heavy punishment for failing in any of their duties. They are liable to a fine of not more than 600s or imprisonment for not more than six months for failing to keep appointment with a Government official; neglecting their powers for preventing offenses, bringing offenders to justice or recovering stolen property; failing to issue, enforce, or cancel orders as directed; failing to carry out lawful orders of a superior chief or abusing their authority under native law or custom. Technical offenses under these regulations must occur fairly frequently, but the rigor of the law has only been visited on them in rare flagrant cases. However, during the first few years a number of wakils were taken to the district header quarters at Arua for "courses of correction." One was goaled for desertion, and in another case three headmen received twenty-four lashes for bad road work.

The sultans were the highest native authorities, mediating the new administration from the European officers to their tribal. The wakils constitued the courts of first instance from the official point of view and bore the primary local responsibility for administration. Headmen were granted no officially recognised judicial functions, though there was no objection to their excercising whatever powers of arbitration their status and personal ability conferred on them. In the main their job was to carry out the instructions of the wakils in each ward of his sub-county and the the nyampara were their agents in this

It was the two most powerful chiefs of the Uganda Alur who were choosen as the first sultans. All the first wakils were appointed from among the tradtional chiefs and chieflets, or their sons, excepts in the case of parombo, which was such a large localised clan section that its head became wakils, and Erusi sub-county which had and ex-askari of th First World War as its first wakil. On the other hand, headmen have most frequently been the heads of localised clan sections.

Chiefly lines which failed to obtain the office of Sultan usually found recognition as wakils. On subsequent amalgamation some at the same time, amalgamation of headmen was going on, and, as a result, many headmen who had held office by virtue of clan headship the dignity of a headman or clan head to accept the job of nyampara as an alternative. Besides loss to the desire of the Government to introduce non-hereditary office holders with suitable qualifications. This was sometimes acieved when a herditary office holder had to be dismissed for a minor offences or imcompetence, or when he retired or died. More commonly office holders ceased to hold office owing to a combination of old, readiness to retire, and pressure from the Distrct commisioner to reduce the importance of the hereditary principle in office desire to reduce the importance of the hereditary principle in office holding made very little progress during the first thirty years of administration. To an increasing extend hereditary office holders had to be prepared for transfer, ruling in areas other than their own, though within the same county. But office holders to be very largely drawn from families forward to equal them in ability to rule. The families of chiefs holding the office of sultan exercised a wide degree of control over the system as a whole, with many sons or other close agnatic relatives holding office as wakils or headmen. In 1951 the four wakils of Jonam county all had hereditary claims to political office, though not neccessarily in the areas where they were excercising it, and four out of the eight Okoro wakils also had hereditary claims.

Lokang Jackson September 10, 2016

People have their own weakness when things are imposed on them knowingly. Human hates each other because they are in competition with each other. Colour do affect every community because of its orientation and perception. One colour tend to prefer one their own and abandon the one that is different to theirs because of effects and dangers that comes with it. White is interrogative and black is low key. White is also full of wants and needs while black is happy with what have they and unless have adopted that as a culture. White have embarrassing details to black while black has annoying details to white. White can watch each other and others live sex through cctv, security camera etc for black that is insane and considered punishable. White respect no privacy and instead consider that their strength but black discourage communication towards privacy of each other and could flames war e.g. security details especially what happened in war. White are naturally dirty and tends to use what you want on you e.g. money, happiness etc while black tends to be open of what they do and communicate clearly as it is. White causes problems it does not matter wherever they are from while black tends to heal and gives their heart out to help, support etc each other. White can kill and say you are a danger while black don't kill while cry and accept that as a fact, but they do kill each other because they feel same on standard and have same power. White does not appreciate illiteracy and in other country that is a good prove for imprisonment while black will question less and jokes, laughs at illiteracy. Black verse black in most cases goes hand in hand and so is white verse white implying God is not a full, he made us different from each other at birth. White avoid owning similar things even amongst themselves while black share whatever it is amongst themselves e.g. bike, car etc even business. White are threaten if feels they are on same level with black or even close to e.g. white have large population to black but complains black are high in population than them. White naturally hate black unless the one who has use to them and black naturally like white even the most primitive one they prefer to their own most intelligent. White keep their agreement but black ignores agreements e.g. European union never broken since started, America and Russia signed agreement after cold war and kept it till to date while black people breaks their agreement because one of them feel threaten e.g. EAC, Sudan and South Sudan agreement etc. Evolution keeps gene and changes colour. Meaning other black or so white to black and so are other white.

White will never be black and so is black. But my assumption is in a thousand or million year from now, the whole world will be white in colour not just dominated.

Lokang Jackson September 9, 2016

God punishes and that remains true all the time. How God punishes is what many fail to understand. We have religion which holds our Gods kingdom and we have those who disobey it then protest. Protestant are failed believer who were not able to bear responsibilities of their own leaders. Same thing in Paradise and animal kingdoms(do a research to find out). All living things compete and so is in paradise. The break aways are those we wants to own same system out of the current failing to understand that it is not just break away. If you do break away, there will also be another break away and such continues making mini problems all over. When that happens there is what is known as retaliation because of wanting to come back because they remember the good old days. Doors are closed and when you left the system is evolve and your problem could cause another. Pressure makes others do anything but resistance is the most modest form of withstanding all temptations. Temptation has punishment and this cycle I let you finish.

Lokang Jackson September 9, 2016

Deep in our history we have a culture that runs us from within although there was always one known for all. Inside cultures we embedded systems to divert and maintain presence on the world stage. Eastern Luo and Ateker have a representative and history so deep that takes at least a decade or so to digest. When one is in front of the world, there is always one cooking from behind. Generations over generation, we kept interchangeably close to each other bringing new, restoring old, projecting the future. To remind ourselves of war the young are taught to fire Ochokobo; to keep bunga we make sure they are carefully looked after; to maintain culture Ruodi system is used. Intelligence makes a different because we joint all at once and able to make them operational, we separate them to test there functionality, they were real. The last time we checked was how we could make all districts from both Eastern Luo and Ateker work at same time doing different things while still connected to each other and knowing what each other is doing. Torit was always the security head quarter, Gulu took over commercial, Lira was administration, Soroti manufacturing, kitgum was development, kotido and Nymiryong(sp) heads bunga system and Kilak was head of Agricultural system(irrigation in particular). While we do that we call on our neighbouring states of Bungui in the west, Uganda in the south, South Sudan in the north, Gambella state in North East and Kenya in the East West. We kept good relationship and neighbourhood a think that took others a fortune to do. Bad things happened because Lo Lonyo were running us. The reasons was that they only own private businesses, we decided to bring the gammers, bees, bouncers. It was one of kind I tell you.

Lokang Jackson September 8, 2016

Losts is when your all belongs in the hand of another defined as superior at such time. Lost accumulate anger, agony, hate, and wants for retaliation. I can tell you my entire life has been lost I have never won I will not personally want to win anything, but I always regain, manoeuvre, suffer extreme pain of it. Recovery is always to see you do what makes your superior happy and making them lead the battle for you. When enmity becomes part of it, that becomes a play field of defeats because then you now have competition of which we have gotten good at over our life time. Just imagine you are born a looser and everyone you know suffer from it. The good part of it is, you only have gains and defeats smelling on your smoke screens. To me personally, when I lost, I jubilate because you have now shown me your stronger side. When you win I jubilate because you now have what you wanted. When you win and becomes happy I get angry because you are about to realise some reality that is going to hart you for the rest of your life. We have survived and survivable conditions meaning anything thrown at us that was meant to break us made us supper strong and we just gained from them and kept on knocking. Whatever happens now, had already happened to me personally over a lifespan of three decades. You could be double or three times that but the truth remains, we have seen them all come by and pass by.

Lokang Jackson September 7, 2016

Financial loophole

Taxation is created by government for government purposes. I personally do not know any single country in this world that does not have a taxation system and anyone in a country that have a taxation system. Originally, it was built to speed up development, provide employment, run government administrations etc. The people(you, him, her, them, and me) contribute to uplift, improve standard, work together and increase manufacturing etc. Now, the situations is not same. Governments have gotten smarter with taxes. For them to use the money they provide projects, contracts, grants etc and in most cases thousands apply and few gets the chance to win. It is also true that the person that won last previous years may win again this year and next year. Worst of all it is used by most top official to start their personal businesses, expand their territorial businesses, colonise others, and domination over the rest by using it as Aids, grants, manufactured goods and sell tangible devices to improve their access and personal gain e.g. Farming tools. When money is taken from public, it is also use for loans, share, interests business. This is only true when money is either used borrowed for business or government decided to save it or cut expenditure on other things they already have or give large amount but use small chunk of it.

Benefits: The failed people and the contributors remain the common workers. Once they contributed or paid their tax money, they do not receive or even know what is done with their money, how much is used, how much remain to be used for later years. Good governments however gives documents and try to be transparent about it, but most of it comes before the actual work is done. In some cases governments too failed to control their taxes because individuals can exploit loopholes in government specification leaving government with good reports to give to the public while what is being done is an answer to procedure in place not how money is used and what it produced.

Blames: Imagine government have one billion in collection this year and the projects for this year from both governments and tax payers is beyond one billion, then in this case the government needs to either borrow or go bankrupt. If they go bankrupt, they pushed dept which becomes a negative performance that means less delivery and reduction in economy activity in the entire country. An individual who took grands earns profit, that only expands their business, but the tax payer looses. Government put saving in interest or share, it gain profit and who exactly take the profit at the end of it all remains a mystery. Not only that imagine there is an out break of diseases or emergency that means government use more tax money than intended for that calendar year. Tax payer continue paying tax for the entire life, never gotten grands, did not save any money, do not have share etc at the end of its all, they might have accumulated e.g. a billion money enough for government to use for an entire year. Really don’t we missed anything here.

Imagine: A system we call Ayiko. Whatever come from anyone is made sure spend on the person if not be given back to them. A business earns interest, their share be paid and interest charged on the extra and calculated on every account the money comes from e.g. state, mega cooperation etc. Government save money from a certain group of people, they pay them back exactly what owe them and take what owe government. Other people uses their health care card more often than others, others used their insurance more than the others leaving the other on lost and another on gain. Spend what you contributed and earn what is left. That means if you work for ten years and accumulated say ten thousand, then whether you work or not it remains your income to spend, use, and do whatever you want with.

The negative: Change in government create a big problem because all that was in with other government including certain time grants, loans, etc are lost especially when it involves the outgoing. Scholarships, foreign Aids are an example where immediate people are chosen in spite of who you are and where you are this true because information reaches those who are close to such money first then later the others. Imagine you work in ministry of immigration, there are free services like blood test etc where do that money comes from?

Lokang Jackson September 7, 2016

Anyone who neighbors or comes from central Africa know this inside out how financing was and is done. The major producer of income then were bunga and farming. The biggest generator of income was mining. Personally, I traditionally mined same way done in our central African states e.g. Kaya, Nzara, Mboki, Bungui etc few years ago. I started between the age of 4 and ended at the age of 7. I left mining in October/21/1992(Enough about me Man! I Know what am saying freak!!). It is either the whole village, able bodied, strong persons of the village or the ones feeling kind of poor at that time. When we mined we would sell them to the countries e.g. Liquate, Sudan, Congo, Chat, Egypt, Ethiopia etc. Now, thinking about it, I remember the taxation system - the strong man system. The one with the guns, knows places, have soldiers would put the rest under what we used to call Tahdit. Shoot some bullets in the air that should be enough to scare the money out of their pockets. Now, send in some defense to mull them out of their camps then asks each and everyone of them to hand over a defined quantity(e.g. 0.05milli gram) each of mine for that day. Doesn't matter how much in reality I can tell you that because at the end of it who cares about the boss? The defense make sure they collected as much as possible at time even killed team leader and report what they decided to the boss and we called it Munyeka(Just to drive off attention and make sure their job keeps on going). When the miners get out then that is the only way you can now think I will have my cash. Later the situation was different because the defense decided to form their own branches and ambush miners on their way home and went as far as attacking villages. With all that, people still made money and others became extremly rich and of course we lost others during the process. Now that our system aged this far, how different can we do financing and what method are we going to use putting European problematic method called taxation aside?

Tags: oyo

Lokang Jackson September 7, 2016

consequences for us going underground is beyond our control. Imagine we decide to leave or build in our oceans and seas e.g. Arctic, pacific, Apungo etc. The distance around our planet is amongst each other. The truth is we would have weaken our planet and could possibly break it apart. Please who ever you, do us a favor because all of us including you need this planet so dearly. It is our only known, leavable and our dear one in spite of what they say out there. The leaders, educators, scientist, technologist truly need to defend us and charge those attempting to corrupt our linked planet

Lokang Jackson September 7, 2016

Both us and our universe rely on each other. What we do that affects the two of us. When we leave our jungle for without taking care of it, it will over grow, animals in it will fight and extinct the weaker, it will burn down causing erosion, or it becomes a desert. Without our bunga, we'll suffocate and they will loose our protection and help. It is a good idea not to ignore each other and think the other is over enjoying and the other is suffering. Both of us need to call on each others team and keep improving each other where there is need. Too much bunga is bad, too much one type of trees, grass, animals and birds in a bunga is also bad. We need to know what contains our neighboring bunga so we'll all supply, learn, and adopt from each other.

Tags: bunga, luo

Lokang Jackson September 6, 2016

We need to understand differences between War and competition. Conflict, raiding, woman etc those are not really causes of war. Competition is not producing things only it is contraction and expansion of human energy and power around you e.g. doing what another is doing yet preferred. When that happens, it creates lock. A person ability is minimised the need to rise kick in. If there strength is size then they will defend to protect and that causes war. Imagine a person(A) own a bank and a person(B) own a construction company. Person B is on a weaker side because their money, data base, financial security depends on the person A. Person A could get creative and create financial insurance that means they now have an eye on the bank though minimal but at least they feel safe. Peron B will feel threaten by that and create building and construction loans which pushes person A to cover their insurance on building and construction loan leaving their bank free. And from there it keeps going and going as that happen time passes by and at the end we have no war therefore, have created competition.