Alur and Jonam Land

September 15, 2016
The northen part of Congo Alurland, forming the chiefdoms of Juganda and the Alurised part of tthose Ndo-Avare, Ndo-Okebo and Lendu-Watsi, is simply the extension westward of the highland belt as described; while the sourthern section of this belt includes the chiefdoms of PaNduru, War, Angal, Jukoth and mambisa, as well as most of Lendu Rutsi and Tsiritsi and the Hema of Blukwa. As one moves south along the Nile to lake Albert, the mountains approach closer to the shores, and from the sourthern part of Panyikwango onwards they fall steeply into the water leaving no coastal plain at all except round the mouths of rivers such as kakoyi and Jangoba. There are therefore no lowlands clan sections as such, but here and there families concentrating upon fishing live in small strips and enclaves of shores beneath the cliffs, able at the same time to utilise suitable land in the mountains above.

Similarly the midland belt disappears as an exclusive region south of Abira in Angal, and is represented only by valleys such as Ca and Kakoyi and plateaux such as Mukambo, where reach both of terrain characteristic of highlands and also of lowland country. Whereas in the north the three regards themselves as distinct and are regarded as such by groups which regard themselves as distinct and are regared as such by other people, in the south shore-dwellers are only pockets in communities centred upon the hills and valleys above, and the term "midlands" refers only the restricted localities in a terrain including much higher and much lower country. The three belts or zones still exist but in a very overlapping sense. Alur linguistic usage shows this in its relative use of the terms Junam (river or lakes dwellers) and Jumalo(higlands). On the other hand in the Lendu Hema country of Territoire de Djugu, which largely falls within the conceptual orbit or Alur social life, the same would not be true, for the land rises at once from the lake to an average height of 7,000 feet within a couple of miles of the shore, and behind this the whole region consists of rolling hills and valleys varying from about 5,000 to 7,000 feet characterised by highland conditions through in respect of temperature, rainfall, disease, crops and calttle keeping. In this high country, however, there is no cassava; maize is the dominant crop and foodstuff, and there is a considerable production of European vegetables for the local market.